Today there are different types of batteries which can be used for domestic and industrial purposes. Although ordinary batteries are used for various purposes, most of the people prefer to use rechargeable batteries as it includes a large number of beneficial features. Compared to the ordinary cells, these batteries can be charged and reused. Today it is widely used in all types of electronic products such as flash lights, calculators, radio controlled toys and other accessories.
The rechargeable batteries are available in different varieties which include the nickel cadmium, nickel metal hydride, lithium ion and nickel zinc. All these types of batteries are inclusive of different features, advantages and disadvantages. Therefore it should be used accordingly.
Nickel Cadmium: The NiCd or the Nickel cadmium rechargeable batteries include low voltages. It uses a heavily toxic material known as cadmium. The older versions of this battery included memory power but the modern versions are much efficient as it does not include memory power. It can therefore be recharged to its full capacity. These types of batteries can be used for electronic toys, razor, power tools and motorized equipments. But it is less popular compared to the lithium ion and nickel metal hydride batteries.
Nickel Metal Hydride: These are quite efficient and can be recharged many times as it does not include memory power. The charge remains for a longer period of time.
Lithium Ion: Compared to the other rechargeable batteries, the lithium ion batteries can store more energy and include high density. It is usually available in high voltages. It has the power to retain its charge capacity for a long period of time. It is quite expensive in comparison to the other types of batteries. It is also available in a huge variety of sizes so that it can be used for different purposes. It is usually used in laptops and other electrical devices.
Nickel Zinc: Another variety includes the nickel zinc battery which was basically introduced to replace the military zinc batteries. Nickel zinc offers high voltage and high discharge rates. It is completely safe to use as it does not include any type of toxic materials. It is also non-combustible. It can be used in cameras, electric bicycles, scooters and lawn mowers.
Cell Phone Battery:
Another variety of battery includes the cell phone battery which can also be recharged. Most of these products vary largely according to the size of the cell phones. Cell phones with sleek designs and compact batteries discharge quickly compared to the other types of cell phones.